Message 2004-10-0053: Re: Panstems

Mon, 13 Sep 2004 14:04:13 -0700 (PDT)

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Date: Mon, 13 Sep 2004 14:04:13 -0700 (PDT)
From: [unknown]
Subject: Re: Panstems

  I'd like to point out that the way some avian "orders" are used, on=
e can
argue they already represent either crowns OR panstems, and shift
depending on the observer's wishes -- the recent thrust to name panst=
to include them not-withstanding, fossil ancestors of avian "orders" =
nearly always been included in the taxon (save those coined as "order=
s" on
their own, despite being closer or even included in the ansectry of o=
taxa), arguing they were being utilized as panstems, even if not
recognized as such. So true, too, of mammalian "orders."


Jaime A. Headden

  Little steps are often the hardest to take.  We are too used to mak=
ing leaps in the face of adversity, that a simple skip is so hard to =
do.  We should all learn to walk soft, walk small, see the world arou=
nd us rather than zoom by it.

"Innocent, unbiased observation is a myth." --- P.B. Medawar (1969)

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